Hippolyte d’Albis, Ekrame Boubtane, Biagio Speciale, Hillel Rapoport

This theme deals with the study of several microeconomic dimensions of immigrants’ behaviors and their socio-economic implications in source and host countries. It also discusses the economic and demographic consequences of migration flows at the macroeconomic level. Finally, it touches political economy and cultural dimensions related to international migrations.

A) Migration (microeconomic aspects)

This theme typically analyzes with the help of original individual-level datasets, the responses of migrants’ behavior to policy programs along various dimensions (consumption, education, economic integration). Specifically the following lines of research have been developed:

  • The impact of immigration status (legal or illegal) on migrant’s consumption behaviors, using a unique survey dataset of both documented and undocumented immigrants in Italy (Biagio Speciale).
  • Immigration and public education policy: This project estimates the impact of immigration on public education expenditures in EU-15 countries, using the 1990s Balkan wars (in Bosnia and Kosovo) as a source of exogenous variation in immigrant inflows (Biagio Speciale).
  • Language training and economic integration of immigrants: Exploiting a discontinuity created by the eligibility rule of the language training program offered by the French Ministry of Interior, and using a Regression Discontinuity Design, this study estimates the causal effect of language training on several immigrants’ economic outcomes in France (Alexia Lochmann, Hillel Rapoport, Biagio Speciale).

B) Migration (macroeconomic aspects)

This part primarily analyses the macroeconomic consequences of international immigration in France and OECD countries.

  • Impact of migration flows on macroeconomic aggregate variables such as GDP per capita, unemployment, public finance and inequalities (Hippolyte d’Albis, Ekrame Boubtane).
  • Computations of the migrations flows in France, using administrative data based on the delivery of residence permits (Hippolyte d’Albis, Ekrame Boubtane).
  • Immigration and social protection policies in the face of demographic changes (Based on a collaborative research project COOP-DEMO-LAB, coordinated by PSE in partnership with HEC Montreal (Hippolyte d’Albis, Ekrame Boubtane).

C) Migration (political economy and cultural aspects)

  • Migrations flows and cultural diversity, cultural integration of migrants in host countries (Hillel Rapoport, Thierry Verdier)
  • The political economy of multi-cultural welfare states (Thierry Verdier)